Calathea Plant is an eye-catching tropical plant known for its stunning, patterned leaves. It comes from South America's rainforests and boasts various species, each with unique leaf designs. Calathea's leaves open in the morning and close at night, almost like a daily dance.
Here at Young Plants, we are a reputable calathea tissue culture plants manufacturer and supplier. Today, we will provide you with comprehensive tips for caring for calathea plants. Read on to learn more on how to grow and care for Calathea plants.
Calathea plants thrive in bright, indirect light. Filtered sunlight through curtains or near a window with sheer curtains is ideal. Avoid exposing them to direct sunlight, which can scorch their leaves. These plants are native to the understory of tropical rainforests and have adapted to lower light conditions.
Maintaining the right moisture level is crucial for Calathea plants. Keep the soil consistently moist but not soggy. Water when the top inch of soil feels dry, typically every 1-2 weeks, depending on environmental factors. Always ensure that the pot has good drainage to prevent waterlogging, which can lead to root rot.
Calathea plants are humidity lovers. Make sure you maintain humidity level of around 50% or higher. You can increase humidity by misting the plant regularly, using a humidity tray, or placing a small humidifier nearby.
Calathea plants prefer warm and stable temperatures. Keep them in a range of 65-80°F. Avoid exposing them to drafts, sudden temperature changes, or cold temperatures below 55°F. These plants are sensitive to temperature fluctuations.
5. Soil requirements
Use a well-draining potting mix with good organic content for your Calathea. A mix designed for tropical plants or a blend of potting soil, perlite, and peat moss works well. Repot your Calathea every 2-3 years to refresh the soil and provide it with nutrients. Ensure the pot has drainage holes to prevent water from accumulating in the bottom.
Additional Tips For Caring For Calathea Plants
● Regularly Rotate Your Calathea
To ensure even growth and prevent your Calathea from leaning toward the light source, give it a quarter turn every time you water it. This promotes balanced, symmetrical foliage.
● Keep Your Calathea Clean
Dust can accumulate on the large, ornate leaves of your Calathea, reducing its natural shine and impeding photosynthesis. Wipe the leaves gently with a damp cloth to remove dust and keep them looking their best.
● Use Filtered Water
Calatheas are sensitive to chemicals commonly found in tap water, such as chlorine and fluoride. Consider using filtered or distilled water to prevent mineral buildup in the soil.
● Prune Dead or Yellowing Leaves
If you notice any leaves that have turned yellow or brown and show no signs of recovery, trim them off with clean scissors. This not only improves the plant's appearance but also encourages new growth.
● Provide Adequate Ventilation
While Calatheas thrive in high humidity, it's essential to maintain good air circulation to prevent fungal issues. Avoid placing them in overly stuffy or stagnant air environments.
● Fertilize Sparingly
Calatheas are not heavy feeders. Fertilize them with a balanced, diluted, liquid houseplant fertilizer every 4-6 weeks during the growing season (spring and summer). Reduce or stop fertilization during the dormant winter months.
●Monitor for Signs of Stress
Keep an eye on your Calathea for any signs of stress, such as curling leaves, browning leaf edges, or slowed growth. Adjust care conditions as needed to address these issues promptly.
How to Propagate Calathea
Calathea plants can be propagated through division. To do this, carefully remove the plant from its pot and separate the rhizomes into smaller sections, each with healthy roots and shoots. Ensure each new division has at least one growth point. Repot these divisions into separate containers with fresh potting mix. Keep them in a warm, humid environment until they establish roots and new growth.
Common Issues for Calathea Plant
1. Leaf Browning or Curling
Cause: Low humidity is often the culprit. Calatheas thrive in high humidity, and when it's too dry, their leaves may brown at the edges or curl.
Solution: Increase humidity around the plant by misting it regularly, using a humidity tray, or placing a humidifier nearby. Ensure consistent watering to maintain the proper moisture balance.
2. Yellowing Leaves
Cause: Overwatering or waterlogged soil can lead to yellowing leaves as it suffocates the roots and inhibits nutrient uptake.
Solution: Allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings, and ensure good drainage in the pot. Trim off any severely affected leaves.
3. Dull Leaves
Cause: Dust accumulation on the leaves.
Solution: Gently wipe the leaves with a damp cloth to remove dust and restore their luster.
4. Pest Infestations
Cause: Common houseplant pests like spider mites, mealybugs, and aphids can infest Calathea plants.
Solution: Inspect your Calatheas regularly for signs of pests, such as webbing or tiny insects. Isolate any infested plants to prevent the issue from spreading and treat with appropriate insecticidal soap or neem oil.
5. Root Rot
Cause: This problem is commonly caused by overwatering, poor drainage, or using heavy soil.
Solution: If you suspect root rot, remove the plant from its pot, trim away affected roots, and repot it in fresh, well-draining soil. Adjust your watering routine to prevent future occurrences.
6. Slow Growth or Leggy Appearance
Cause: Insufficient light or overcrowding in the pot can result in stunted growth and a leggy appearance.
Solution: Ensure your Calathea receives adequate but indirect sunlight. Prune leggy stems to encourage bushier growth, and repot if overcrowding is an issue.
Advice For Buying Calatheas
1. Choose Your Source
Calatheas are available from various sources, including garden centers, nurseries, and specialist house plant nurseries. While you can find them in many places, consider purchasing calatheas from a trusted calathea tissue culture plants supplier. They often have a more extensive range of Calatheas to choose from, allowing you to find the one that best suits your preferences.
2. Assess Your Growing Conditions
Before purchasing a Calathea, it's essential to ensure you have the right environment for its growth. Assess your home's humidity levels and lighting conditions to make sure they align with the needs of these tropical plants. You may need to invest in a humidifier or find suitable spots with filtered sunlight.
3. Inspect the Plant
When you're ready to buy or when your Calathea arrives, take a moment to carefully inspect the plant:
● Check the Leaves: Examine the leaves for signs of health. They should be plump, vibrant, and free from discoloration, yellowing, or brown spots.
● Look for Pests: Inspect the plant for any signs of pests, such as mealybugs or spider mites. These can quickly become a problem if introduced into your home.
● Assess the Root System: If possible, check the root system. Healthy roots are usually white or light tan and firm. Avoid plants with mushy or discolored roots.
Where To Buy Calathea Tissue Culture Plants
If you’re looking for a reputable calathea tissue culture plants manufacturer and supplier, look no further than Foshan Young Plants.
Calathea Plant FAQs
1. Are Calatheas Poisonous?
Calatheas are generally considered non-toxic to humans and pets. However, like many plants, they may cause mild gastrointestinal discomfort if ingested.
2. Is Calathea Good For Indoors?
Yes, Calathea is an excellent choice for indoor plant enthusiasts. Their striking foliage adds a touch of the tropics to your home decor. They're adaptable to indoor conditions and can thrive with the right care.
3. Why Do Calathea Leaves Curl Up At Night?
Calathea plants are known for their "prayer plant" behavior. At night, their leaves often fold up, which is a natural response to lower light levels. During the day, they open up again.